About Krasnodar

Krasnodar  is a city and the administrative center of Krasnodar Krai, Russia. It was founded on January 12, 1794 (Gregorian calendar) as  Yekaterinodar.  The original name meant "Catherine's Gift" simultaneously in recognition of Catherine the Great's grant of land in the Kuban region to the Black Sea Cossacks (later the Kuban Cossacks) and in recognition of Saint Catherine, the Martyr, who is considered to be the patron of the city. After the October Revolution, Yekaterinodar was renamed Krasnodar (December 1920). There is meaning for the new communist name of the city: Krasno- (??????-), meaning 'red' (especially relevant considering the political atmosphere of the time); and -dar (-???), meaning 'gift'. Thus, the city's name means red gift (i.e. 'gift of the reds')