In the province of Canar to 3120 m, and 16km of Canar stands the most important archaeological construction of Ecuador, homeInca . It is an observation of the sun and moon.
Ingapirka is a word Quechua meaning Inca Wall . It is an authentic Incan construction, although this name was used to designate various pre-Hispanic ruins, without necessarily having to do originally with the Inca culture.
The ensemble of archaeological Ingapirca, is known since the mid-eighteenth century, and at Canar Valley found in these rooms, it was called in the sixteenth century as a province of Canar Hatun (Quechua: Hatun Kanar ).
Fray Gaspar de Gallegos, pastor of San Francisco Pueleusi Quicksilver, wrote in 1582:
" It's usually called Kannada, because three leagues from here is a village called Hatum Ca�ar meaning in the Inca language "The largest province of ca�ares" and say there time Guaynacaba Inca ( Huayna Capac ) had large populations of Indians and there was the head of these ca�ares principal, and so it seems, because in today's large and very magnificent buildings, and among them a very strong tower ... "
No one knows for sure what were the purposes for which it was built this building Ca�ari Inca origin, the only criterion on which several historians and archaeologists agree is that it was built under the orders exclusive Inca Huayna Capac , during campaigns conquest of his father Tupac Yupanqui , began years ago, toward the area now comprising southern Ecuador.
Apparently played a major role in Incan military strategies, as an outpost and supply troops to the north of Ecuador, but his most important goal was that of being a place of worship and veneration of the sun, the most God Inca, thus becoming one Coricancha , ritual dedicated to Inca