History of Maicao

Maicao was inhabited by the Wayuu people prior to the arrival of the Spanish. The Wayuu gave one of the strongest resistance to the Spanish conquest, remaining rebellious until the early 20th century. Maicao was officially founded on June 27, 1927 by Colonel Rodolfo Morales and Tomás Curvelo Iguarán, on behalf of the Department of Magdalena in the middle of the Wayuu people territory.

The indigenous Wayuu managed contraband trading routes through Maicao arriving from Aruba & Curaçao, Venezuela and other Caribbean sea territories mostly coffee, alcohol, tobacco