Maicao is a city and
municipality in the Department of La Guajira, northern Republic of Colombia. It
is located 76 km from Riohacha, the capital of the department and is the
second largest urban center near the border with Venezuela, after the city of Cúcuta.
The city was founded on June 27, 1927 by Colonel Rodolfo
Morales and Tomás Curvelo Iguarán, on behalf of the Department of Magdalena in
the middle of the Wayuu people territory. During the 1970s Maicao became a
commercial hub due to an oil