is the capital of the state of North Carolina as well as the
seat of Wake County. Raleigh is known as the "City of Oaks" for its
many oak trees, which line the streets in the heart of the city. The city
covers a land area of 142.8 square miles (370 km). According to the U.S.
Census Bureau, the city's 2012 estimated population was 423,179, making Raleigh
the 42nd most populous city in the United States. It is also one of the
fastest-growing cities in the country. The city of Raleigh is named after Sir
Walter Raleigh, who established the lost Roanoke Colony in present-day Dare