The City of Monterey in Monterey County is located
on the southern edge of Monterey Bay, on Central California's Pacific coast. It
stands at an elevation of 26 feet (8 m) above sea level, on a land area of
8.466 sq mi (21.927 km2). The 2010 census recorded a population of 27,810.
Monterey was the capital of Alta California from 1777 to
1846 under both Spain and Mexico. It was the only port of entry for taxable
goods in California. In 1846 the U.S. flag was raised over the Customs House,
and California was claimed for the United States.