later donated land to the state for the establishment of Montana State University – Bozeman.
45°39′16″N 110°56′35″W45.65444°N 110.94306°W, el. 4,987 feet (1,520 m) was established in 1867 by Captain R. S. LaMotte and two companies of the 2nd Cavalry, after the mysterious death of John Bozeman near the mouth of Mission Creek on Yellowstone River
45°42′52″N 110°23′20″W45.71444°N 110.38889°W, and considerable political disturbance in the area led local settlers and miners to feel a need for added protection. The fort, named for Gettysburg casualty Colonel Augustus Van Horne Ellis, was decommissioned in 1886 and few remnants are left at the actual site, now occupied by the Fort Ellis Experimental Station of Montana State University. In addition to Fort Ellis, a short-lived fort, Fort Elizabeth Meagher (also simply known as Fort Meagher), was established in 1867 by volunteer militiamen. This fort was located eight miles (13 km) east of town on Rocky Creek.
45°38′30″N 110°55′05″W45.64167°N 110.91806°W, el. 5,249 feet (1,600 m)
The first issue of the weekly Avant Courier newspaper, the precursor of today's Bozeman Chronicle was published in Bozeman on September 13, 1871.
Bozeman's main cemetery, Sunset Hills Cemetery, was gifted to the city in 1872 when the English lawyer and philantropist William Henry Blackmore purchased the land after his wife Mary Blackmore died of pneumonia in Bozeman in July 1872.
The first library in Bozeman was formed by the Young Men's Library Association in a room above a drugstore in 1872. It later moved to the mayor's office and was taken over by the city in 1890.
The first Grange meeting in Montana Territory was held in Bozeman in 1873 The Northern Pacific Railway reached Bozeman from the east in 1883. By 1900, Bozeman's population reached 3,500.
In 1892, the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries established a