Anadyr is the easternmost town in Russia (more easterly locations, such as Provideniya and Uelen, do not have town status). It was founded on July 21, 1889 as Novo- Mariinsk, and renamed on August 5, 1923 following the Kamchatka Revkom. Town status was granted to it on January 12, 1965. Population: 13,053 (2010 Census preliminary results).
Anadyr is the largest town in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. It is completely surrounded by Anadyrsky District and since June 2011 serves as its administrative center, although it is not administratively a part of the district