History of Barrancabermeja

Barrancabermeja comes from a description by the Spanish 16th century explorer Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, who wrote that the area was characterized by "reddish ravines" or "reddish embankments," which is Spanish amounts to "unas barrancas bermejas" [See Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada.]

The state-owned oil company Ecopetrol took over the refinery in 1951 and since then, Barrancabermeja has grown into a city of 200,058 inhabitants, as of 2009.

The city has become a major industrial base for the country, providing most of Colombia's gasoline and petroleum products