Magnitogorsk (roughly translated as magnet-mountain city) is an industrial city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the eastern side of the extreme southern extent of the Ural Mountains by the Ural River. Population: 408,401 (2010 Census preliminary results); 418,545 (2002 Census); 440,321 (1989 Census).
It was named for the Magnitnaya Mountain that was almost pure iron, a geological anomaly. It is the second largest city in Russia that does not serve as an administrative center of either a federal subject or an administrative division. The largest iron and steelworks in the country, Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works, is located here