is a city in the Yvelines department in Île-de-France
region, renowned worldwide for its château, the Château de Versailles and the
gardens of Versailles, designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. According to the
2008 census, the population of the city is 88,641 inhabitants, down from a peak
of 94,145 in 1975.
A new town, founded by the will of King Louis XIV, it was the de facto capital of the kingdom of
France for over a century, from 1682 to 1789, before becoming the cradle of the
French Revolution. After having lost its status of royal city,