Rio de Janeiro
is the capital city of the State of Rio de Janeiro,
the second largest city of Brazil, and the third largest metropolitan area and
agglomeration in South America. There are approximately 6.3 million people
living within the city proper, making it the 6th largest in the Americas and
26th in the world. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage
Site, named "Rio de Janeiro:
Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea"
, identified by
UNESCO on 1 July 2012 in the category Cultural Landscape.
Founded in 1565, by the