Anthony Seldon identified five phases of
development in pre-20th century Brighton. Until 1730, it was a fishing and
agricultural settlement. It was founded by Saxons and mentioned in the Domesday
Book under the name Bristelmestune; a rent of 4,000 herring was established.
Its importance grew from the Norman era onwards, and by the 14th century there
was a parish church, a market and rudimentary law enforcement (the first town
constable was elected in 1285). Sacked and burnt by French invaders in the
early 16th century—the earliest depiction of Brighton, a painting of c. 1520,