The town originated in 1596, during the
reign of Mihai Viteazul (Michael the Brave), Prince of Wallachia. It rapidly
flourished as a center for trade and handicraft manufacturing in the 17th and
18th centuries. The road connecting Ploieşti to Braşov opened in 1864, and the
railway arrived in 1882. Many schools and hospitals date from this time.
In the mid-19th century the Ploieşti region
was one of the world's leading oil extraction and refinery sites. The city is
also remembered as the site of the self-styled Republic of Ploieşti, a