Economy of Ulvila

Mining companies create both hopes and fears in Lapland

wind power industry

Population steadily continued to grow in Ulvila at the end of the 1800s and at the beginning of the following century. Population density had grown from the 36 capita of the year 1900 to 44 capita of the year 1910 per square kilometer. Ulvila's population growth was influenced by a general movement from the countryside to the towns and suburbs.

In the 1800s, by desiccation of land, vast areas were gained for cultivation. By the turn into the 1900s, agriculture had long been stalled at the primitive stage which it had stagnated at for decades, even for centuries. In the 1880s, within the swampy area of coastal Lattomeri there still were three inland ponds, the desiccation of which was continued by state subsidy in the first years of the 1900s.

From the 1880s on, the people of peasantry had begun to take particular interest in developing agriculture, which is proved by the shift to systematic rotation of crops. The agricultural associations took a central role in improving agriculture. The Rural People's Association of Ulvila was founded in 1905.

At the end of the nineteenth century village shops were started in rural areas, in Ulvila rather delayed, though. In the beginning of the 1880s there were five shopkeepers in Ulvila, whereas when the era of Independence had begun, there were already some twenty of them, respectively. In the year 1875, in Ulvila, there were six co-operative owned mills, three of which used to be in Kaasmarkku. The Landmen's Association of Ulvila founded three co-operative cashier offices within municipal territory, namely in Harjunpää in 1914, in Friitala in 1922, and in Kaasmarkku in 1923.

Industrialization in Ulvila - so far as smallish sawmills are not considered - can be claimed to have actually been started in 1863, when on the edge of the rapids on Harjunpäänjoki in the village of Kaasmarkku a spinning and viewing