In Chibcha, the language of the Muiscas - the indigenous people of the area - its name meant "The Land of the Zipa". Zipa was the king of this territory.
The town is primarily known for its Salt Cathedral, an underground church built inside a salt deposit in a tunnel made as result of the excavation of the salinas(salt mines). Zipaquirá has a very interesting architecture, and the old city centre is a tourist attraction. Its main square is surrounded by old buildings in the Spanish Colonial style. This small city can be reached by train from Bogotá