Cà Mau is a city in southern Vietnam. It is the capital of Cà Mau province, a province in the Mekong Delta region, in the southernmost part of Vietnam's inland territory. Vietnam's incumbent Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung was born and raised here. The city is characterized by its system of transport canals and most goods are transported here by boats and barges.
The city's population is approximately 204,895 (as of 2010). The majority of its residents is ethnic Vietnamese, with 300Khmer Krom households and 400 Hoa households. Ca Mau city is accessible by road (360 km south-west of Ho Chi Minh City) via National Road 1A or by air (Ca Mau Airport). Ca Mau is administratively subdivided into 8 urban phuong and 7 rural xa