or simply D.C.
, is the capital of the United
States. The signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the
creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's
East Coast. As permitted by the U.S. Constitution, the District is under the
exclusive jurisdiction of the Congress and is therefore not a part of any U.S.
The states of Maryland and Virginia each donated land to form the federal
district, which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and
Alexandria. Named in honour of George Washington, the City of Washington was