Varying complex cultures of indigenous
peoples had lived along the waterways of North Carolina for thousands of years
before Europeans explored the area. The Tuscarora, an Iroquoian-speaking
people, had migrated south from the Great Lakes area in some ancient time and
occupied this area for hundreds of years before any Europeans arrived. They had
an ancient village here at the confluence of the rivers called Chattoka.
New Bern was first settled by Europeans in
1710 by Swiss and Palatine German immigrants under the leadership of Christoph