is a historic city and former capital city of England. It
is the county town of Hampshire, in South England. The city lies at the heart
of the wider City of Winchester, a local government district, and is located at
the western end of the South Downs, along the course of the River Itchen. At
the time of the 2001 Census, Winchester had a population of 41,420.
Winchester developed from the Roman town of
Venta Belgarum, which developed
from an Iron Age oppidum. Winchester's major landmark is Winchester Cathedral,