is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands
region of England. It lies upon the banks of the River Derwent and is located
in the south of the ceremonial county of Derbyshire, of which it was
traditionally the county town. In the 2011 census, the city had a population of
As home to Lombe's Mill, the first factory in the world, Derby is considered
a birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. With the arrival of the railways in
the 19th century, and due to its strategic central location, the city grew to
become a foremost centre of the British rail industry.