Tenedosor Bozcaada, is a small island in the Aegean Sea that constitutes theBozcaada district of Çanakkale province inTurkey. It is the third largest Turkish island afterImbros (Gökçeada) and Marmara. As of 2011, the district had a population of 2,472. The main industries are tourism, wine production and fishing. The island has been famous for its grapes, wines and red poppies for centuries.
As Tenedos, the island is mentioned in both theIliad and Aeneid, being noted in the latter as the site where the Achaeans hid their fleet near the end of the Trojan War in order to trick the Trojans into believing the war was over and into taking the Trojan Horse within their city walls. From Classical antiquity through to the Middle Ages, the island came under the control of a succession of regional powers, including thePersian, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. Under Greek administration between 1912 and 1923, it was ceded according to the Treaty of Lausanneto the new Turkish republic that emerged with the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in 1923. However, the treaty called for a quasi-autonomous administration to accommodate the local Greek population and excluded the Greekson the two islands from the wider population exchanges that took place between Greece and Turkey.
Although the provisions calling for a degree of local autonomy were never implemented by Turkey, Bozcaada remained primarily inhabited by ethnic Greeks up until the late 1960s and early 1970s, when many emigrated to Greece, western Europe, the United States and Australia, as a result of a series of discriminatory measures enacted by the Turkish state as well as for economic reasons