Kuruman is a town with 12,701 inhabitants in Northern Cape province of South Africa, famous for its scenic beauty and the Eye of Kuruman, a geological feature bringing water from deep underground to the surface in the Kalahari Desert.
The Kuruman River (which is dry except for flash floods after heavy rain (see wadi)), is named after it.
Kuruman was a London Missionary Society mission station founded by Robert Moffat in 1821 and the place where David Livingstone arrived for his first position as a missionary in 1841.
The Kalahari Meerkat Project, made famous by the television series Meerkat Manor, is located nearby.
Kuruman is home to famous author and Sanusi or Zulu traditional healer, Credo Mutwa.
Kuruman was located along the border that bounds the Northern Cape from the North West Province and is still a local town for most communities surrounding the town, including those that live were the North West Province.
Kuruman is one of the more noted Peace Corps outposts in the northern regions of the country. From 2007 to 2009, it was home to former Peace Corps volunteer and published author and playwright Stefanie DeLeo.
Kuruman has relatively mild weather patterns compared to other Northern Cape towns, such as Upington and Springbok, and is surrounded by more vegetation as compared to the Upington and Springbok, which are surrounded by desertic environments