Smolensk is a city and the administrative center of Smolensk Oblast,
Russia, located on the Dnieper River, 360 kilometers (220 mi)
west-southwest of Moscow.This walled city was destroyed several times throughout its long history since it was on the invasion routes of both Napoleon and Hitler. Today, Smolensk is noted for electronics, textiles, food processing, and diamond faceting.
The name of the city is derived from the name of the Smolnya Rivulet. The origin of the hydronym is less clear. One possibility is the old Slavic word "?????" (smol) for black soil, which might have colored the waters of the long-derelict Smolnya. An alternative origin could be the Russian word "?????" (smola), which means resin, tar, or pitch. Pine trees grow in the area, and the city was once a center of resin processing and trade