The Erdene Zuu Monastery is probably the
most ancient surviving Buddhist monastery in Mongolia. It is in Övörkhangai Province, near the town of Kharkhorin and adjacent
to the ancient city of Karakorum.
It is part of the World Heritage Site entitled Orkhon Valley Cultural
The Erdene Zuu monastery was built in 1585 by
Abtai Sain Khan, upon the (second) introduction of Tibetan Buddhism into Mongolia.
Stones from the ruins of Karakorum
were used in construction. It is surrounded by a wall featuring 100