El Fuerte is the name of a Mexican city and municipality, and also a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Bolivia. This article is about the city; for the ruins, see El Fuerte de Samaipata.
El Fuerte is a city and its surrounding municipality in the northwestern Mexican state of Sinaloa. The municipality reported 100,000 inhabitants in the 2000 census, with 30,000 in the city.
El Fuerte, meaning "The Fort", was named a "Pueblo Mágico" ("Magic Town") in 2009 (by whom?) for it has many attractions and a special, pretty-small-town Aura.
El Fuerte de Samaipata (Fort Samaipata), also known simply as 'El Fuerte', is an archaeological site and UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Santa Cruz Department, Florida Province, Bolivia. It is situated in the eastern foothills of the Bolivian Andes, and is a popular tourist destination for Bolivians and foreigners alike. It is served by the nearby town of Samaipata.
It is not actually a military fortification but it is generally considered a pre-Columbian religious site, built by the Chané people, a pre-Inca culture of Arawak origin. There are also ruins of an Inca city built near the temple; the city was built during the Inca expansion to the southeast. Both Incas and Chanes suffered several raids from Guarani warriors that invaded the region from time to time. Eventually, the Guarani warriors conquered the plains and valleys of Santa Cruz and destroyed Samaipata. The Guaranis dominated the region well into the Spanish colonial period.
The Spaniards also built a settlement near the temple and there are remains of buildings of typical Arab Andalusian architecture. The Spaniards abandoned the settlement and moved to the nearby valley were the town of Samaipata is currently located.
The archeological site at El Fuerte is unique and it encompasses buildings of three different cultures: Chanes, Incas and Spaniards