Madiun is a city in the western part of the province of East Java in Indonesia, an agricultural centre. It is the capital of the regency of the same name.
Madiun, located 169 km south west of Surabaya, had a population of 190,823 in 1992. The town is an average of 63 metres above sea level and lies on the Madiun River, a tributary of the Bengawan Solo River. It is surrounded by a number of mountains, including Mount Wilis (2,169 m) to the east, to the south the Kapur Selatan range (500–1000 m) and to the west Mount Lawu (3,285 m). Madiun has an average temperature of 20-35 degrees Celsius