Palanpur is a city and a municipality of Banaskantha district in the Indian state of Gujarat. Palanpur is the largest city and the administrative headquarters of the district.
Legend has it that Palanpur was first settled by a certain Prahladan, belonging to the Paramara clan of Rajputs, who received the surrounding area as appanage from his elder brother, who ruled the region of what is now Mount Abu. It was known as Prahladanpur in history of Jainism. Palanpur town later became the seat of the eponymous princely state in British India