Lucknow is the Capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh. This metro city is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division. Lucknow has always been known as a multicultural city, and flourished as a cultural and artistic capital of North India in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Lucknow elevation is 123.45 Mts. above sea level. It is situated on 26.30 & 27.10 North latitude and 80.30 & 81.13 East longitude. Lucknow covers an area of 310.1 km. It is surrounded on the eastern side by District Barabanki, on the western side by district Unnao, on the southern side by Raebareli and on the northern side by Sitapur and Hardoi districts. City is located on the northwestern shore of Gomti river, which flows through the city. Some of the tributaries of this river are Kukrail, Loni, Beta etc. Sai river flows from the south of the city and in the east enters district Raebareli. Lucknow is accessible from every part of India through Air, Rail and Road. It is directly connected with New Delhi, Patna, Calcutta, Mumbai, Varanasi, Bangalore, Thiruvananthapuram and other major cities by Amausi airport. Rail link joins Lucknow to Pakistan via Amritsar in the west and to Bangladesh railways in the east.
Hindi is the city's official language. However, the most prominent language spoken in Lucknow is the Hindi-Urdu language. Though it is an ancient language, and is often referred to as Lucknowi Urdu. Tertiary education levels are higher, while the population is younger. As the seat of the government of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow is the site of Vidhan Sabha, the High Court and numerous government departments and agencies. It is also the location of many social and cultural institutions of national significance, such as the Kathak, Khayal, Nawabs and Classical music. It is also the birthplace of British pop star Sir Cliff Richard and resident city of Subrata Roy, the founder and chairman of the Sahara India Pariwar.
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