Founded in A.D. 1620 by Churru, a chieftain of the Jats (an agricultural people of northern India). Churu, like an oasis, situated in the middle of the shifting golden sand dunes, opens the gate to the great desert of Thar. Geographically, it lies in 28°18′N latitude and 74°58′E longitude. Administratively, it is the headquarter of the Churu District., The temples of Salasar Balaji & Balaji Babosa are situated in the Churu district.
Before India's independence in 1947, it was a part of Bikaner State. The district came into existence in 1948 comprising three tehsils Churu, Rajgarh and Taranagar when the administration of Bikaner State was reorganized