Bareilly is a prominent city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Standing on the Ramganga river, it is the capital of the Bareilly division and the geographical region Rohilkhand. It is located 252 kilometres (157 mi) north of the state capital, Lucknow and 250 kilometres (155 mi) east of the national capital New Delhi.
Bareilly is a centre for the manufacturing of furniture and for trade in cotton, cereal and sugar. The status of the city grew when its name was included in the "Counter Magnets" of the National Capital Region (NCR), a list that also includesHissar, Patiala, Kota and Gwalior. Bareilly historically was also called Sanjashya, where the Buddha descended fromTushita (heaven) onto the earth.
This fast-growing city is also known as Bans-Bareilly. Although Bareilly is a production center for cane (bans) furniture, the name Bans Bareilly is not derived from its big bans market. It is named after two princes, Bansaldev and Baraldev, sons of Jagat Singh Katehriya who founded the city in 1537. It is also known for the Ala Hazrat Dargah.
The city's population in 2011 was 898,167