Bardhaman or Burdwan also Barddhaman is a city of West Bengalstate in eastern India. It is the headquarters of Bardhaman district.
Bardhaman has been a district capital (D.C.) since the time of Mughal Empire. Later on it became a district headquarters of British India. Burdwan is an alternative name for the city, which remains in use since the British period.
The origin of this name dates back to the 6th century BCE and is ascribed to Vardhaman Swami or Mahavira (599-527 BCE), the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, who spent some time in Astikagrama, according to the Jain scripture of Kalpasutra. This place was renamed as Vardhamana in his honor