Tsing Yi or Tsing Yi Island is an island in the urban area of Hong Kong, to the northwest of Hong Kong Island and south of Tsuen Wan. With an area of 10.69 km², the island has extended drastically by reclamation along almost all its natural shore and the annexation of Nga Ying Chau and Chau Tsai. Three major bays or harbours, Tsing Yi Lagoon, Mun Tsai Tongand Tsing Yi Bay in the northeast, have been completely reclaimed for new towns.
The island can be divided as four quarters, the northeast quarter is a residential area, the southeast quarter is Tsing Yi Town, the southwest holds heavy industry, and the northwest includes a recreation trail, a transportation interchange and some dockyards andship building industry. The island is at the northwest part of Victoria Harbour and part of its development is under the Law of Hong Kong, Chapter 531, the Protection of the Harbour Ordinance.
Tsing Yi iterally means "green (or blue) clothes", but is also a kind of fish, probably blackspot tuskfish, once abundant in nearby waters. People named the island after the fish. Tsing Yi Tam lit. Tsing Yi Pool) or Tsing Yi Tam Shan (also appeared on some early Chinese maps.
The island was also known as Chun Fa Lok once upon a time, which means the fall of spring flowers, or Chun Fa Island, on some Western maps. Now, Chun Fa Lok is still a place name or a former village on the southeast corner of the island. A government document in Ming Dynasty named the water near Chun Fa Lok Chun Fa Yeung The Ming navy defeated fleets of pirates there.
In some historical sources, Tsing-I Island is used instead of Tsing Yi Island, and Chung-Hue Island instead of Chun Fa Island