History of Aavasaksa

The emperor Alexander II of Russia visited the site in 1876. Decorative hunting cabin Keisarinmaja is one of the buildings on top of the hill and working as a cafe.

Due to its distinctive altitude above other hills around, it was first used by Pierre Louis Maupertuis in the French Geodesic Mission (1736–1737), and later became part of the Struve Geodetic Arc. As a result of this, UNESCO named Aavasaksa a World Heritage Site, along with the 33 other sites used in the Struve Geodetic Arc.

Aavasaksa is often considered as the southernmost point in Finland where the midnight sun is literally visible. The hill is surrounded by rivers running next to it: Torne River in the west and smaller Tengeliö river in east and north.

Asteroid 2678 Aavasaksa is named after the