In the province of Canar to 3120 m, and 16km of Canar stands the most important archaeological construction of Ecuador, homeInca . It is an observation of the sun and moon.
Ingapirka is a word Quechua meaning Inca Wall . It is an authentic Incan construction, although this name was used to designate various pre-Hispanic ruins, without necessarily having to do originally with the Inca culture.
The ensemble of archaeological Ingapirca, is known since the mid-eighteenth century, and at Canar Valley found in these rooms, it was called in the sixteenth century as a province of Canar Hatun (Quechua: Hatun Kanar ).
Fray Gaspar de Gallegos, pastor of San Francisco Pueleusi Quicksilver, wrote in 1582:
" It's usually called Kannada, because three leagues from here is a village called Hatum Caņar meaning in the Inca language "The largest province of caņares" and say there time Guaynacaba Inca ( Huayna Capac ) had large populations of Indians and there was the head of these caņares principal, and so it seems, because in today's large and very magnificent buildings, and among them a very strong tower ... "
No one knows for sure what were the purposes for which it was built this building Caņari Inca origin, the only criterion on which several historians and archaeologists agree is that it was built under the orders exclusive Inca Huayna Capac , during campaigns conquest of his father Tupac Yupanqui , began years ago, toward the area now comprising southern Ecuador.
Apparently played a major role in Incan military strategies, as an outpost and supply troops to the north of Ecuador, but his most important goal was that of being a place of worship and veneration of the sun, the most God Inca, thus becoming one Coricancha , ritual dedicated to Inca