Qufu is a city in southwestern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It is located at 35° 36′ northern latitude and 117° 02′ east, about 130 kilometres (81 mi) south of the provincial capital Jinan and 45 kilometres (28 mi) northeast of the prefecture seat at Jining. Qufu has an urban population of about 60,000, the entire administrative region has about 650,000 inhabitants.
Qufu is the hometown of Confucius, who is traditionally believed to have been born at the nearby Mount Ni. The city contains numerous historic palaces, temples and cemeteries. The three most famous cultural sites of the city, collectively known as San Kong."The Three Confucian ", are the Temple of Confucius ( pinyin: Kǒngmiào), the Cemetery of Confucius (pinyin: Kǒnglín), and the Kong Family Mansion ( pinyin: Kǒngfǔ). Together, these three sites have been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1994