Puerto Natales is a city in Chilean Patagonia. Puerto Natales is the
capital of both the commune (Spanish: comuna) of Natalesand the province
of Última Esperanza, (Spanish for "Last Hope"), one of the four
provinces that make up the Magallanes and Antartica Chilena Region in
the southernmost part of Chile. Última Esperanza Sound, originally inhabited by the Kawésqar tribe or Alacaluf and the Aoniken or Tehuelche, was sailed in 1557 by Juan Ladrilleros, a sailor who was looking for the Strait of Magellan.
The city was settled by European immigrants: The largest groups are Germans; British such as the English, Welsh and Scots;Croats; Greeks; Italians and Spaniards. Later settlement by Chilean people, with a substantial number coming from the Island of Chiloé, all attracted by the sheep-raising industry.
The city was formally founded under the government of Ramón Barros Luco on May 31, 1911. Nowadays, one of the most important activities is tourism although cattle production and the fishery industries are also significant