is a Brazilian city and municipality, the third most populous in the southern state of Rio
Grande do Sul. Pelotas is located 270 km (168 mi) from Porto Alegre,
the capital city of the state, and 130 km (80.8 mi) from the
Uruguayan border. The Lagoa dos Patos lies to the east and the São Gonçalo
Channel lies to the south, separating Pelotas from the city of Rio Grande.
In the 19th century, Pelotas was Brazil's leading center for the production
of dried meat (charque), a
staple food made by slaves and destined to feed the slaves