Goiania is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Goias. With a population of 1,301,892, it is the second-largest city in the Central-Western Region and the 13th-largest in the country. Its metropolitan area has a total population of 2,063,744, making it the 11th-largest in Brazil.
Goiania is a planned city founded on October 24, 1933 by then Governor Pedro Ludovico to serve as the new state capital and administrative center. Prior to this date, the state capital was the town of Goias. Goiania has the largest green area per inhabitant in Brazil, and is the second in the world, behind Edmonton, Canada