Gorazde, is a city and municipality in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina on the Drina river. It is located between Foca, Sokolac andVisegrad, and is administratively part of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the center of the Bosnian Podrinje Canton.
The surrounding region of Gorazde is composed of Paleozoic slate, sandstone, carbon and perm. The hills are for the most part rounded and with gentle slopes. The higher ones are composed of limestone. Gorazde with its surroundings has mainly equable and fresh mountainous climate. The average annual temperature of the air is 10.8 C and the rainfall is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The town is supplied with water from six springs. One part of the inhabitants gets drinking water from ordinary wells. The construction of a water supply system began in 1962. from the spring in Cajnice, 16.5 km (10.3 mi) from Gorazde.
The River Drina has great significance for the founding and the development of Gorazde. The greatest floods recorded since the 18th century occurred in 1677, 1731, 1737, 1896, 1911, 1952, 1974 and 2010.
The main characteristic of the layout and the type of town is its elongated shape along the Ustipraca-Foca road. From 1465 till 1878 Gorazde was part of the Turkish Empire. In the 18th and 19th centuries Gorazde was inhabited by Muslim and Orthodox communities. Up to World War II there existed two separate parts: Muslim and Orthodox. Today this division is disappearing. After World War II the town began to expand and be modernized, New streets have been built, public and residential buildings have been built in the centre and in the outskirts as well. From 1945 to 1961, 1130 council flats and 680 private homes have been built. In 1961 there were 616 buildings altogether in the town